​​Ammunition falls under the  Explosives Act 1999 and Explosives Regulation 2017.

As a result of changes to the explosives legislation, from 1 July 2003 a person requires a licence or authority issued under the Weapons Act 1990 to possess ammunition. A dealer must be satisfied that the person who is purchasing the ammunition is the holder of a licence or authority. The only way a dealer can be satisfied is to sight a licence. 

Schedule 2 of the Explosives Act 1999  defines ammunition as follows:

Ammunition: includes bombs, grenades, rockets, mines, projectiles and other similar devices and all types of cartridges (including blanks) used in firearms.

Schedule 7 of the Explosives Regulation 2017 defines small arms ammunition as follows:

Small arms ammunition: means-

    (a)    ammunition for-

            (i) a shotgun; or

            (ii) another firearm with a calibre of not more than 25.4mm; or

    (b)    primers (cap type) used for reloading the ammunition.

Section 48(1)(g) of the Explosives Regulation 2017 authorises persons licensed or otherwise authorised under the Weapons Act 1990 to use a firearm to possess small arms ammunition.

Military Ordnance is defined in the Military Dictionary as explosives, chemicals, pyrotechnics and similar stores. (e.g. bombs, guns and ammunition, flares, smoke or napalm). 

The licensing of explosives and ammunition and their components including military ordnance is administered by the Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy. Information regarding ammunition and other explosives can be found at https://www.qld.gov.au/emergency/safety/explosives-fireworks/explosives or phone 13 25 23 during business hours.

The List of Ammunition Availability identifies a table containing ammunition that has been assessed and/or approved by the Authorised Officer as not commercially available.​